The most famous
diamonds in the world are not only beautiful and very expensive, but also full
of both history and mystery. There are many such diamonds in the world. Their
different colors, sizes and stories make them all interesting and unique.
Choosing only 10 of these jewels is a very difficult task. Here is my list of
the 10 most famous diamonds in the world.
1. The Hope
The Hope Diamond is not only one of
the most famous gems in the world, but it is also one of the largest blue
largest). It’s physical value might be estimated but
it’s historical importance is priceless. It is so old that no one knows exactly
when it was discovered. However, it already had an owner in 1668, in the person
of an Indian slave who claimed that the 112 carats stone (which he believed to
be a sapphire) came from the eye of an idol. Jean Baptiste Tavernier, a traveler
and a gem merchant bought it and sold it afterwards to King Louis XIV of France.
Its price today is estimated at $250 million. The legend says that this diamond
by the Hindu priests of the temple from where it was
2. The Golden
The Golden Jubilee is holding the
title of the world’s largest faceted diamond in the world, measuring 545,67
carats. It was discovered in 1985, in the Premier mine of South Africa. At
first, it was considered an ugly brown diamond. Gabriel Tolkowsky received the
diamond, which was supposed to be used at testing some new tools and cutting
methods. The result astonished everyone. It turned out that the “Unnamed Brown”
was actually a very beautiful yellow-brown diamond. It remained unnamed until it
was presented to the king of Thailand in 1997, for the 50
anniversary of his coronation (thus, its name).
3. The Cullinan
One of the most famous diamonds in the
world, Cullingam I was justly considered the largest diamond in the world up to
the discovery of the Golden Jubilee. Also known as “The star of Africa”, the
pear-shaped stone is the largest of the 9 diamonds cut from the largest rough
diamond ever, the Cullinan diamond(3106,75 carats). Currently, it is the head of
St. Edward’s scepter, one of the British Crown Jewels but it can be removed and
worn as a brooch.
4. The Idol’s
The idol’s eye is one of the most
mysterious diamonds in the world. Its entire history is unknown; we have no idea
where it came from, when it was discovered or who owned it. The only clue is its
name, “The Idol’s Eye”. It appeared in a note, at Christie’s when it was
described as a flawless large diamond. It was bought by an anonymous buyer and
disappeared again for some years. Its owners changed several times afterwards
and was bought in 1979 by Mr. Laurence Graff, who sold it again in 1983, to an
anonymous buyer who is believed to own the diamond today.
5. The Spirit of de
This is one of the famous diamonds in
the world. It is also known as the largest cut black diamond, and it measures
312, 24carats. This beautiful diamond was named after the Swiss jeweler who cut
it, using the old Mogul style. The result was the jewel you see in the picture
and it is the work of an entire year. Currently, it is owned by a private
client, who must be a very fortunate person.
6. Koh-I-Noor /Mountain of
Apparently, this is one of the oldest
diamonds known to man. According to the legend, this diamond is more than 2000
years old, from before the birth of Christ. However, a much more documented
hypothesis is that it was discovered in the early 1300s. The earliest recorded
mention of the diamond is in the memories of Babur (Baburnama), the first Mogul
ruler of India. It then passed through many hands and its long, complex history
cannot be told here. It suffices to say that the diamond arrived to England in
century and entered the possession of Queen Victoria. Not
satisfied with its cutting, which caused it to shine less than it should have,
the queen had it recut, which meant a loss of weight of almost 43%. It was then
set in the queen’s crown,in frontal position. India did not give up one of its
most precious gems easily. The Indian government continued to ask the return of
the diamond, with no success.
7. The Orlov
The Orlov is one of the most
intriguing diamonds in the world. It has a blurry past and it is said that it
was stolen from an idol, where the stone stood as one of the eyes of the statue.
However, many questions remain: First, if this is true, what happened to the
other eye? Could it have been the above mentioned Koh-i-Noor? Another theory is
that the Orlov diamond is actually the legendary stone called the Great Mogul,
which was only described by Jean Baptiste Tavernier and it was lost forever
centuries ago. Whatever the truth, The Orlov diamond is now in the possession of
the Russian government and it is set in the Imperial scepter. It is estimated at
189 carats but its historical value cannot be priced.
Florentine is an enigmatic diamond which is believed to have a light yellow
color, with a green overtone and an estimated 137 carats. Its known history
starts with the duke of Burgundy in the 15
century. Apparently, he
died in battle while wearing the diamond. The stone was stolen from him by a
peasant who sold it for a florin, because he thought it was mere glass. It then
changed owners several times, for small amounts of money. In the 17
century, we find the Florentine in the possession of the Medici familly. When
the last Medici died, the diamond arrived in Vienna, and became one of the
Habsburg Crown Jewels. After the World War I, it was stolen and never found
again, though a particular diamond was believed to be the lost one, because of
its similarities with the Florentine
9. The Heart of
The diamond which bears such a
romantic name is measuring 27,64 carats . It was found in a mine in South Africa
and it has a “fancy vivid blue color”, making it an extremely rare diamond.
Apparently, the blue color is given by impurities of boron and most of the gems
are not entirely blue. The stone was an impressive 777 carats when found and
caused a rush among diggers, who started to dig like crazy, trying to find
another one. However, experts estimate that such a discovery is not likely to
occur in the next several hundred years.
10. The Moussaieff
This gem is of an amazing beauty and
it is estimated at 5, 11 carats. It has a triangular brilliant cut (it features
numerous facets, which offer it great brilliance). Its amazing color was
established to be “fancy red” by the Gemological Institute of America. One of
the most famous diamonds in the world, the Moussaieff Red was first discovered
by a Brazilian digger in the Abaetezinho River in 1990 and it is believed to
have had 13.9 carats.