Nature's great masterpiece, an elephant; the only harmless great thing.
Here are 12 fascinating Elephant facts and several mesmerizing pics of this incredible animal.
elephant calph is around 250 pounds or 115 kgs in weight when born.
Females mature at about 11 years and stay in the group, while the males,
which mature between 12 and 15, are usually expelled from the maternal
are some of the most intelligent animals on Earth. Their brains weigh
5kg, much more than the brain of any other land animal. Their brains
have more complex folds than all animals except whales, which is thought
to be a major factor in their intellect. They commonly show grief,
humor, compassion, cooperation, self-awareness, tool-use, playfulness,
and excellent learning abilities.
An elephant in Korea surprised its zoo keepers by independently learning
to mimic the commands they gave it by verbalizing on the end of its trunk, successfully learning 8 words and their context.
elephant trunk, a specialized nose, is analogous to an octopus tentacle
in terms of dexterity. It allows them a high
degree of manipulation of objects and elephants are adept tool-users.
Elephants have been taught to paint with their adroit trunks and produce
some fascinating artwork. In captivity, elephants easily learn how to
open simple locks and many master more complex ones, something
impossible for most other animals due to a lack of dexterity and
in zoos have worked together to take advantage of this, by having many
act as lookouts as another undoes the lock, or in one instance an
elephant feigned injury as a
distraction while another elephant helped the others escape. Once all
the elephants were out, the distraction elephant climbed to its feet and
ran for the door, surprising its tenders who had been unaware of the
elephants live in a herd of about 10 individuals lead by the most
experienced matriarch, whereas the males are normally solitary and move
from herd to herd. The females in each herd help each other find food
and care for calves.
do not lie down to sleep because of the excellent support their very
straight legs give them. Elephants communicate within their herds or
between herds many kilometers away mostly using sounds too low for human
ears to perceive and by stamping their feet. Within their herds,
elephants are believed to have the same or similar levels of cooperation
A young elephant must learn how to draw water up into its trunk and then pour it into its mouth.
all the elephant's specialized features, the muscular trunk is the most
remarkable it serves as a nose, a hand, an extra foot, a signaling
device and a tool for gathering food, siphoning water, dusting, digging
and a variety of other functions. Not only does the long trunk permit
the elephant to reach as high as 23 feet, but it can also perform
movements as delicate as picking berries or caressing a companion. It is
capable, too, of powerful twisting and coiling movements used for
tearing down trees or fighting.
elephant herd is considered one of the most
closely-knit societies of any animal, and a female will only leave it
if she dies or is captured by humans. Males will leave the herd as they
become adolescent, around the age of 12, and live in temporary ‘bachelor
herds’ until they are mature and live alone.
elephant female is fertile
for only a few days each year. During this time, males will try to
court her by using rituals involving various affectionate gestures and
nuzzles. If she accepts one, she will respond with similar gestures and
after 20 minutes or so of a courting ritual they will mate. If she
conceives, she will be pregnant for 22 months, longer than any other