20 rare edible fruits : photos and facts.

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1. Rambutan
A medium-sized tropical tree in the family Sapindaceae, found mostly in Indonesia and Malaysia.

2. Salak.
The fruit with snake skin. Native of Java and Sumatra.

3. Duku.
Scientific name = Lansium domesticum, originating mostly in Western Asia.

4. Cocona. 
Solanum sessiliflorum or Cocona is a tropical shrub belonging to the Solanaceae family. The cocona plant has sturdy branches and huge, serrate and hairy leaves.

5. Mammee Apple.
Mammea americana, commonly known as mammee, mammee apple, mamey, mamey apple, Santo Domingo apricot, tropical apricot, or South American apricot, is an evergreen tree of the family Calophyllaceae, whose fruit is edible.

6. Jabuticaba.
A Brazilian specialty.  jabuticaba fruit is unusual in that it appears to blossom right out of the bark and trunk of its tree.

7. Salmonberry.
Rubus spectabilis is a species of Rubus native to the west coast of North America from west central Alaska to California. It is a shrub growing to 1–4 m tall, with perennial, not biennial woody stems that are covered with fine prickles.

8. Star Apple.
Available mostly in Spring season. round and approximately two to four inches in diameter at maturity. Its skin is smooth, leathery and depending on variety either purple to red or yellow to green in color.

9. Breadfruit.
Breadfruit is a species of flowering tree in the mulberry family, Moraceae, growing throughout Southeast Asia, South India and most Pacific Ocean islands. It is also grown in the Leeward Islands and Windward Islands of the Caribbean and in Africa.

10. Cherimoya
Also spelled chirimoya or Cherymoya, is the fruit of the species Annona cherimola, which generally is thought to be native to the Andes.

11. Sugar-Apple.
Sugarapple is the fruit of Annona squamosa, the most widely grown species of Annona and a native of the tropical Americas and West Indies, and is called the Custard Apple in the Philippines.

12. Marula.
Marula is a medium-sized dioecious tree, indigenous to the miombo woodlands of Southern Africa, the Sudano-Sahelian range of West Africa, and Madagascar. The tree is a single stemmed tree with a wide spreading crown.

13. Platonia Insignis.
A pleasantly flavored, yellow-orange, round fruit that can grow to about the size of an orange. It has a sticky white pulp with a sort of sweet and sour flavor.

14.  Noni.
The noni or morinda plant is a tropical evergreen tree that grows to about 10 feet tall in Tahiti and other Pacific Islands, as well as in parts of Asia and Australia.

15. Horned Melon.
It may look like a fruit from outer space (and in fact, it featured in an episode of Star Trek ), but it’s a very popular snack in Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and parts of the U.S.  This peculiar fruit is also known as the horned melon, jelly melon, African horned cucumber, hedged gourd, melano, and blowfish fruit.

16. Miracle Fruit.
Synsepalum dulcificum, also known as the miracle fruit, is a plant with a berry that when eaten, causes sour foods subsequently consumed to taste sweet. This effect is due to miraculin, which is used commercially as a sugar substitute.

17. Safou.
Native to the humid, tropical forests of West and Central Africa, safou ( Dacryodes edulis ) is also known as the “butterfruit” for its rich, oily pulp. But safou is more than just creamy and delicious. It’s quickly becoming an important cash crop for small farmers in Africa and has proven useful in agroforestry systems and in preventing hunger. 

18. Bael.
Fresh half ripe Bael fruit is mildly astringent and used to cure dysentery, diarrhoea, hepatitis, tuberculosis, dyspepsia and good for heart and brain.

19. Pitaya.
A pitaya or pitahaya is the fruit of several cactus species. "Pitaya" usually refers to fruit of the genus Stenocereus, while "Pitahaya" or "Dragon fruit" always refers to fruit of the genus Hylocereus.

20. Star Fruit.
Carambola, also known as starfruit, is the fruit of Averrhoa carambola, a species of tree native to the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.

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