This is the first time
the original manuscript has gone on display in its entirety for the
contains Einstein's explanations of his theory, including equations such
as the E=MC²
anoch Gutfreund, former president of
the Hebrew University and chair of its academic committee for the Albert
Einstein Archives said: 'It changed our understanding of space, time,
gravitation, and really the entire universe.
'I refer to it as the Magna Carta of physics.
It's the most important manuscript in the entire archives.'
Despite its central place in the canon of
Einstein's work, the original manuscript has never attracted as much
attention as the man himself.
Einstein left his
papers to the Hebrew University in his will
According to Mr Gutfreund, museums
around the world have been content to display only a few pages of the
manuscript at a time, as part of larger features on the personal and
professional accomplishments of perhaps the modern era's most
is partly because the contents of the general theory, especially in the
original German, remain too obscure for non-scientists.
It took Einstein eight years after publishing
his theory of special relativity to expand that into his theory of
general relativity, in which he showed that gravity can affect space and
time, a key to understanding basic forces of physics and natural
phenomena, including the origin of the universe.
But exhibit organisers say the significance of
Einstein's pages of careful writing and diagrams will not be lost on
say the display will present the manuscript in the context of the
theory's legacy - which includes everything from modern space
exploration to commercial satellite and GPS technology.
Mr Gutfreund said: 'The greatest challenge at
the frontier of physics is to make progress on these issues, the ideas
that Einstein developed, discarded, and the errors he made.
'People will be able to appreciate this even
if they're not able to understand the contents.'
Einstein was one of the founders of the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem.
He contributed the manuscript
to the university when it was founded
in 1925, four years after he was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.
His will bequeathed the rest
of his papers to the university upon his death in 1955.
The university is lending the
manuscript to the academy for the anniversary celebration.
The manuscript will be on
display until March 25, overlapping with the 131st anniversary of
Einstein's birth on March 14.