Offences related to Traffic and Penalties in India

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Traffic Offences related and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules, titled "Rules of the Road Regulation", were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheelers), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these "Rules of Road Regulation" is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the "Motor Vehicle Act".

Enforcement of these traffic laws - rules, regulations and acts can bear out the road accidents. These laws are enforced by issuing challans in the name of the offenders and teaching them a lesson by making them pay penalties. An indicative list of the possible offences and their respective penalties is formulated below:

1. OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS

S.No

OFFENCES

MAXIMUM PENALTY

SECTION

1.1

Driving without a Valid License

Rs. 500/- and /or imprisonment ( 3 months)

3 or/we 181 MOA

1.2

Allowing vehicle to be driven by a person who does not possess a Valid License.

Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)

5 or/we 180 MOA

1.3

Not carrying documents as required.

Rs. 100/-

130(3) or/we 177 MOA

1.4

Driving without Valid Insurance.

Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)

130 or/we 177 MOA

1.5

Driving without Valid Permit.

Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)

130 or/we 177 MOA

1.6

Driving without Valid Fitness.

Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)

130 or/we 177 MOA

1.7

Vehicle without OR.C.

Rs 2000/-

39 or/w192 MOA

2. OFFENCES RELATED TO DRIVING

S.NO

OFFENCES

MAXIMUM PENALTY

SECTION

2.1.1

Driving by Minor .

Rs. 500/-

4 or/we 181 MOA

2.1.2

Allowing Unauthorized person to drive ..

Rs. 1000/-

5 or/we 180 MOA

2.1.3

Driving without Helmet.

Rs. 100/-

129 or/w177 MOA

2.1.4

Seat Belts not fastened.

Rs. 100/-

138(3) COMER
177 MOA

2.1.5

Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving .

Rs. 1000/-

184 MOA

2.1.6

Dangerous or hasty Driving.

Rs.1000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)

112-183 MOA

2.1.7

Not Driving in Proper Lane.

Court Challan

66 or/we 192 MOA

2.1.8

Driving in the center and not to left side.

Rs.100/-

2 ERR or/we 177 MOA

2.1.9

Driving against One Way.

Rs.100/-

17 (i) ERR 177 MOA

2.1.10

Reversing without due care and attention.

Rs. 100/-

MOVER 233
177 MOA

2.1.11

Taking "UP" turn during outlawed hours.

Rs.100/-

12 ERR
177 MOA

2.1.12

Failing to take precaution while taking a "Turn".

Rs.100/-

3 ERR
177 MOA

2.1.13

Failing to decelerate at intersection.

Rs.100/-

8 ERR
177 MOA

2.1.14

Failing to carry on left of traffic island.

Rs.100/-

2 ERR
177 MOA

2.1.15

Carrying persons on Footboard.

Rs.100/-

123-177 MOA

2.1.16

Carrying persons causing hindrance to the driver.

Rs.100/-

125-177 MOA

2.1.17

Tripling.

Rs. 100/-

128/177 MOA

2.1.18

Driving on Footpath.

Rs.100/-

ERR 177 MOA

2.1.19

Stopping at pedestrian crossing or crossing a Stop Line.

Rs.100/-

ERR 177 MOA

2.2

Road Marking Related Offences

2.2.1

Violation of Yellow Line.

Rs. 100/-

119/177 MOA

2.2

Violation of Stop Line.

Rs. 100/-

113(1)/177 DEMUR

2.2.3

Violation of Mandatory Signs .

Rs. 100/-

119/177 MOA

2.3

Number Plate Related Offences

2.3.1

Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving.

Rs.100/-

COMER 105 (2) (ii)
177 MOA

2.3.2

Displaying 'Applied For'.

Rs. 4500/-

39/192 MOA

2.4

Vehicle Light Related Offences

2.4.1

Improper use of headlights/tail light for vehicle used in driving.

Rs.100/-

COMER 105 (2) (ii)
177 MOA

2.4.2

Using High Beam where not required.

Rs. 100/-

112(G) A DEMUR
177 MOA

2.5

Horn Related Offences

2.5.1

Driving without Horn.

Rs. 100/-

119(1)/177 COMER

2.5.2

Improper horn usage while driving.

Rs.100/-

COMER 105 (2) (ii)
177 MOA

2.6

Traffic Police Related Offences

2.6.1

Disobeying Traffic Police Officer in uniform.

Rs. 100/-

119 MOA
22(a) ERR
177 MOA

2.6.2

Driving against Police Signal.

Rs. 100/-

119 or/we 177 MOA

2.6.3

Disobeying manual Traffic Signal.

Rs. 100/-

239 MOVER
22(a) ERR
177 MOA

2.7

Traffic Signal Related Offences

2.7.1

Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign Board.

Rs. 100/-

22(b) ERR
239 MOVER
177 MOA

2.7.2

Failing to give Signal.

Rs. 100/-

121 ERR
177 MOA

2.7.3

Jumping Signal.

Rs.100/-

119/177 MOA

2.8

Speed and Overtake Related Offences

2.8.1

Exceeding the prescribed Speed Limits.

Up to Rs.1000/-

112-183 MOA

2.8.2

Abetment for Over Speeding .

Rs.300/-

112/183(2) MOA

2.8.3

Overtaking perilously.

Rs.100/-

6 (a) ERR or/we 177 MOA

2.8.4

Failing to confer way to sanction Overtaking.

Rs.100/-

7 ERR
177 MOA

2.8.5

Overtaking from Wrong Side .

Rs. 100/-

ERR 6/1/177 MOA

2.9

Other Offences

2.9.1

Disobeying Lawful Directions.

Rs. 500/-

132/179 MOA

2.9.2

Driving under influence of Alcohol / Drugs.

Rs.2000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)

185 MOA

2.9.3

Using Mobile Phone while Driving.

Up to 1000/-

184 MOA

2.9.4

Leaving vehicle in unoccupied engine.

Rs.100/-

126-177 MOA

2.9.5

Leaving vehicle in unsafe position.

Rs.100/-

122 177 MOA

2.9.6

In case of a minor Accident.

Rs. 1000/-

184 MOA

2.9.7

Playing music while Driving.

Rs. 100/-

102/177 MOA

2.9.8

Driving without Silencer.

Rs. 100/-

120/190(2)/177CMVR

2.9.9

Driving when mentally or physically unfit.

Court Challan

186 MOA

3. OFFENCES RELATED TO TOWING OF VEHICLES

S.NO

OFFENCES

MAXIMUM PENALTY

SECTION

3.1

Two Wheeler.




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