flu symptoms are similar to the symptoms of regular flu and include
fever of over 100.4°F, fatigue, lack of appetite, and cold. Some people
with swine flu have also reported runny nose, sore throat, nausea,
vomiting and diarrhoea. Nearly everyone with flu has at least two of
So, how do you know if you have flu or just cold?
There is one
clue: when you have the flu, you feel flu symptoms sooner than you
would cold symptoms, and they come on with much greater intensity..
With the flu, you may feel very weak and fatigued for up to 2 or 3
weeks. You'll have muscle aches and periods of chills and sweats as
fever comes and goes. You may also have a stuffy or runny nose,
headache, and sore throat.
Can I compare flu symptoms with cold symptoms?
The following chart can help you compare flu symptoms with cold
symptoms. Use it to lean the differences and similarities between flu
and cold symptoms. Then, if you get flu symptoms, call your doctor and
ask about an antiviral drug.
Characteristic, high 100-102 degrees F); lasts 3-4 days
General aches, pains
Usual; often severe
Can last up to 2-3 weeks
Early and prominent
Mild to moderate; hacking cough
Common; can become severe
cannot confirm if you have swine flu just based on your symptoms. Like
seasonal flu, pandemic swine flu can cause neurologic symptoms in
children. These events are rare, but, as cases associated with seasonal
flu have shown, they can be very severe and often fatal.
may offer a rapid flu test, but what you need to understand is a
negative result doesn't necessarily mean you don't have the flu. Only
lab tests can definitively show whether you've got swine flu. State
health departments can do these tests.
What should you do immediately?
of you who have travelled from the affected countries in the past ten
days and show symptoms swine flu like fever, cough, sore throat and
difficulty in breathing should immediately contact the telephone number
given below or visit the nearby Government Hospital.
Important contact numbers:
Outbreak Monitoring Cell
(Control Room, NICD): 011-23921401
Yellow Fever Quarantine Centre, Near AAI Residential Colony, New Delhi
Influenza Ward, Ward no 5, Second Floor, New Building, RML Hospital, Delhi-1
RML- 91-11-24525211,23404328,23365525- Ext 4328
Who is at risk?
Those who are more at risk from becoming seriously ill with swine flu are people with:
chronic (long-term) lung disease, including people who have had drug treatment for their asthma within the past three years,
chronic heart disease,
chronic kidney disease,
chronic liver disease,
chronic neurological disease (neurological disorders include motor neurone disease, Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis),
suppressed immune systems
(whether caused by disease or treatment),
people aged 65 or older, and
young children under five.
What precautions should one take at schools?
Avoid close contact with people who are sick
People who are sick with an
influenza-like illness should stay home and keep away from others as
much as possible, including avoiding travel, for at least 24 hours
after fever is gone except to get medical care or for other
necessities. (Fever should be gone without the use of fever-reducing
medicine). Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or
Wash your hands often
Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth
Is it safe to travel?
Avoid traveling unnecessarily.
if you must travel, check how the country you're going to handles swine
flu. Although, the WHO doesn't recommend travel restrictions, many
countries have set up their own H1N1 policies, and some travelers have
been screened or quarantined in other countries because of swine flu
How does it spread?
new swine flu virus is highly contagious, that is it spreads from
person to person. The virus is spread through the droplets that come
out of the nose or mouth when someone coughs or sneezes. If someone
coughs or sneezes and they do not cover it, those droplets can spread
about one metre (3ft). If you are very nearby you might breathe them in.
if someone coughs or sneezes into their hand, those droplets and the
virus within them are easily transferred to surfaces that the person
touches, such as door handles, hand rails, telephones and keyboards. If
you touch these surfaces and touch your face, the virus can enter your
system, and you can become infected.
Can it be prevented?
antiviral drugs also can be used to prevent influenza when they are
given to a person who is not ill, but who has been or may be near a
person with swine influenza. When used to prevent the flu, antiviral
drugs are about 70% to 90% effective. When used for prevention, the
number of days that they should be used will vary depending on a
person’s particular situation.
Follow this general procedure to reduce the risk of catching or spreading the virus, you should:
Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, using a tissue
Throw the tissue away quickly and carefully
Wash your hands regularly with soap and water
Clean hard surfaces (like door handles and remote controls) frequently with a normal cleaning
Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. Do not go to work or school while ill
home for at least 24 hours after fever is gone, except to seek medical
care or for other necessities. (Fever should be gone without the use of
a fever-reducing medicine.)
Drink clear fluids (such as water, broth, sports drinks, electrolyte beverages for infants) to keep from being dehydrated
a facemask – if available and tolerable – when sharing common spaces
with other household members to help prevent spreading the virus to
What precautions should one take at home?
Two things - soap and water can
reduce the chance of infection by 30 per cent. All you need to do is
keep washing your hand with soap and water frequently. Wash hands
frequently with soap and water or use alcohol-based hand cleaner when
soap and water are not available. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and
essential to help your body maintain and build strength. Lean meat,
poultry, fish, legumes, dairy, eggs, and nuts and seeds are good
sources of protein.