Many churches of different styles and
denominations were built in the world, but the forms of some temples are
so unusual that they deserve special attention.
Crystal Cathedral, the United
The Protestant church in the Californian town
Garden-Grove is made almost entirely of glass and its shape resembles a
four-point crystal. In the process of construction about 12 thousand glasses have been used, and inside is the worlds largest organ, with 16
This unusual church, located in the center of
Reykjavík, is the fourth highest building in Iceland, and at the same time
the largest. Its height is 74.5 meters and on the top of the tower there
is an observation deck with a panoramic view of city located. The church
got its strange name in memory of the Icelandic clergy and poet Hallagrum
Patterson, and its appearance, according to the creators, should resemble
geysers, which are so many in Iceland. The construction of the temple lasted for a long time, from 1945 to 1986.
church, which does not fit any canon, is in Rome. Its creator, Richard
Meier, did not hesitate to call it the pride of Rome and the project of
millennium. The form of the building has religious overtones. Three
parallel arcs symbolize the Holy Trinity, and the smooth mirror surface
before the church should remind of water, which is an important part of
the ceremony of baptism.
The church, which has long been, along with the Kremlin, the symbol of Moscow and Russia, was built in the years 1555-1561
by the order of Ivan Grozny in honour of the capture of Kazan and the victory over the Kazan Khanate. The author of the temple is unknown. According to one version, it was Yakovlev Postnikov a master from Pskov,
according to the others it was a Western- European (probably, Italian),
architect. The legend has it that the Russian tsar ordered to blind the
creator of the cathedral so that he would never be able to build anything
even more beautiful.
Antonio Gaudis creation is perhaps one of the most
famous unfinished, long-in-construction buildings in the world. Started in
1882, the construction is scheduled for completion in 2026, on the 100th
anniversary of the death of the great architect. However, the dates have
changed so many times that no one particularly believes in the newly appointed date. Gaudi himself in answer to the question why it takes so
long to erect the temple(and he supervised the construction for over forty
years) -said: My customer is not in a hurry.
The construction of the unusual church in the capital
of Brazil, was completed in 1970. The author, Oscar Neymer, created a structure consisting of asymmetric hyperbolic columns, each weighing 90
tons. The form of the church symbolizes hands raised to heaven, to God.
They say that the Liverpool Roman Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral served
as a prototype for the temple.
Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral,
The cathedral was originally conceived as the
second largest in the world, as opposed to the already existing in
Liverpool Anglican Cathedral. However, because of problems with financing
the project of the construction changed four times and eventually has almost nothing in common with the original plan.
The Cathedral of Milan is one of the largest in the world and the second in
spaciousness after the Cathedral of St. Peters in Rome. The construction
of the temple, which was begun in 1386, lasted 600 years and was completed
only at the beginning of the XIX century, when by the order of Napoleon
the design of the façade was eventually finished.
Located on the island of Mykonos, the church was built
in 1425, at the site of a lateral exit from the medieval fortress. The
word exit in Greek sounds like paraporti, therefore, the church was
named Paraportiani. The temple consists of 4 chapels on the lower level
and one upstairs. A part of the building was erected in 1425, and the rest
was completed in XVI-XVII centuries.
The decoration of this Czech church, located on the
outskirts of the small town of Kutna Gora, is made entirely of bones, and
for this reason the church was called Church on the bones or Kostnice.
The temple was built on the territory of an ancient cemetery, closed in
1870, and its interior is made from the remains of about 40 thousand people who were once buried here. The author of the creation, the
half-blind monk Frantisek Rint, was appointed with the task to sort the
territory of the cemetery. For that very end, he sorted the bones by size
and shape, washed and whitened them, and then used them in the decoration
of the temple.
t Pa Maha Chedi
The Buddhist temple in the Thai province of
Sisaket is built entirely of glass bottles, mainly after beer, left behind
by tourists. The monks began to collect glass back in the eighties of the
last century. The collected half a million bottles were enough not only
for the construction of the temple, but also for the monastic dwellings
and even a few houses for tourists. Tin lids were also put to use they
have served for creating churge